Professor Ma'ruf K. A. Adeboye

Thursday 21st November, 2019

Federal University of Technology Minna,
Main Campus,
Gidan Kwanu,
Minna, Niger State


The soil which is the dirt under our feet is the beginner, sustainer, nourisher and end of man on earth and should not be taken for granted in our daily lives, but be given the serious attention that it deserves. The wealth of any nation is in her soil and her strength lies in its intelligent development. The more we understand the history of our soils and the more we learn about their properties, the better we are able to make wise decisions concerning their use and management. Our soils are inherently low infertility and characterized by rapid nutrient depletion with consequent low yields once cropping commences. Our food security will thus be imperiled with disastrous consequences of not only grave economic problems but the destruction of the fabric of social stability.

One of the major constraints to achieving the production potential of our soils and restoration of the production potential is the absence of replenishment of plant nutrients. One of the best strategies to combat this constraint to have significant increases in productivity is the balanced application of plant nutrients targeted to a specific constraint. The vicious cycle of low soil fertility, soil fertility depletion, and poverty in SSA, especially in Nigeria will require judicious use of fertilizers and organic amendments. The organic amendments will not only increase the build-up of soil organic matter but also provide a capital of
nutrients that will be slowly released over time. The strategy will ensure higher crop yields per unit of land and stop the opening up of marginal land and forest areas for arable crop production.

Micronutrient malnutrition poses serious human health problems for a substantial number of people worldwide. It is a global nutrient problem caused by inadequate dietary intake in the human population most especially in less developed countries. A significant number of the world's population suffers from
micronutrient malnutrition with children under the age of five and women most affected in developing countries. Malnutrition is by far the leading cause of death globally, with many of these deaths resulting from micronutrient deficiencies.